Tilia maximowicziana Shirasawa

TSO logo

Sponsor this page

For information about how you could sponsor this page, see How You Can Help

Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Tilia maximowicziana' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/tilia/tilia-maximowicziana/). Accessed 2019-12-09.

Genus

Glossary

dbh
Diameter (of trunk) at breast height. Breast height is defined as 4.5 feet (1.37 m) above the ground.

References

There are currently no active references in this article.

Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Tilia maximowicziana' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/tilia/tilia-maximowicziana/). Accessed 2019-12-09.

Tree to 30 m × 1.5 m dbh. Bark dark grey; wide flat-topped ridges develop in maturity. Twigs densely covered in grey and red-brown stellate hairs. Buds with one main scale and another just visible, with brown and grey tomentum. Leaves 7.5–12.5 × 7–12 cm, suborbicular, on stalks with white stellate hairs; dark green above, grey-green beneath with moderately sparse stellate hairs (4–12 arms, 8 being the commonest number); almost glabrous in some trees (var. yesoana); tufts of brown axillary hairs are usually visible. Marginal teeth long, triangular, with short apiculate tips (0.2–1 mm). Floral bracts 7.5–12.5 × 1.1–2.5 cm, with dense white hairs on their veins. Inflorescence drooping, with 15–20 flowers. Flowers cup-shaped, strongly scented; staminodes present. Fruit rounded, 9-10 × 7–8 mm, weakly ribbed, mamillate; fruit-wall tomentose and quite fragile (Pigott 2012).

Distribution  Japan Hokkaido; N Honshu

Habitat Mountain woodlands

USDA Hardiness Zone 5

RHS Hardiness Rating H6

Tilia maximowicziana was introduced to Kew from the Arnold Arboretum, Massachusetts, in 1890 (Bean 1914). It has grown well all across Britain, where most specimens show a beautifully grey-felted underleaf which seems to represent the downy end of the spectrum of states described from the wild; the almost hairless var. yesoana was introduced by Sir Henry Elwes to Colesbourne Park in Gloucestershire in 1905 (Elwes & Henry 1906–1913), but this tree has long gone [ARE ANY OTHERS KNOWN?]. Contemporary specimens [OF THE TYPE?] include a parkland tree at Hergest Croft, Herefordshire, 19 m × 72 cm dbh in 2013, a planting from the 1950s arboretum at Bute Park in Cardiff which was 22 m × 67 cm dbh in 2013, and one of 23 m × 56 cm dbh in the National Botanic Gardens of Ireland at Glasnevin, Dublin, in 2012 (Tree Register 2018). A crowded but otherwise happy woodland tree 13 m tall was growing as far north as the Tannadyce estate in Angus in 2018 (Tree Register 2018).

SPECIMENS IN CONTINENTAL EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA


Feedback

A site produced by the International Dendrology Society.

For copyright and licence information, see the Licence page.

To contact the editors: info@treesandshrubsonline.org.