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A small, deciduous tree or shrub of compact, bushy habit, up to 12 ft, young shoots slender, downy. Leaves pinnate, with a main-stalk 3 to 6 in. long, carrying three to five pairs of leaflets which are roundish oblong to oblong, 1 to 21⁄2 in. long, toothed towards the rounded or pointed apex, slightly downy and pale beneath. Inflorescence few-flowered, 1 to 2 in. across, with persistent, green, fan-shaped stipules, which are toothed at the apex and about 7⁄8 in. wide. Flowers cream-coloured, opening in late May, about 1⁄4 in. wide, with orbicular petals. Fruits erect, about 3⁄4 in. long, yellowish red, pear-shaped in cultivated plants but usually globose or ellipsoid in the wild.
A native of the mountains of Japan, not introduced until the 1930s. It is a distinct and attractive species, the foliage being bronzy green at first, changing to rich red in the autumn. This character, combined with its relatively small size and slow growth, render it well adapted for small gardens. Out of flower it could be taken for a rose, and the likeness is greatest in autumn, when the scattered fruits stand out above the foliage like rose heps. A plant in Dr Fox’s collection was 12 ft high and 7 ft in spread when eighteen years planted, but there are older plants in gardens only 8 ft high.