Rubus idaeus L.Wild Raspberry

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Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

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'Rubus idaeus' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online ( Accessed 2024-07-17.



Organism arising via vegetative or asexual reproduction.
Lacking hairs smooth. glabrescent Becoming hairless.
Plant originating from the cross-fertilisation of genetically distinct individuals (e.g. two species or two subspecies).
Egg-shaped; broadest towards the stem.
A much-branched inflorescence. paniculate Having the form of a panicle.
Odd-pinnate; (of a compound leaf) with a central rachis and an uneven number of leaflets due to the presence of a terminal leaflet. (Cf. paripinnate.)


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Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Rubus idaeus' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online ( Accessed 2024-07-17.

A deciduous shrub, with erect biennial stems, 3 to 6 ft high, more or less downy; sometimes without prickles, but usually armed with weak ones. Leaves pinnate and composed of five leaflets on the lower part of the sterile (first year) stems, mostly of three leaflets at the upper part of the same, and on the flowering branches. Leaflets ovate, 112 to 4 in. long, coarsely toothed, green and soon quite glabrous above, covered with a white felt beneath; the terminal one is the largest and broadest, and sometimes heart-shaped at the base. Flowers produced in a panicle at the end of short twigs springing from the year-old stems, small, pinkish. Fruits red and juicy.

This shrub, the source of the common raspberry of the fruit garden (where varieties with yellow and whitish fruits are grown), is found wild in British woods, and all through Europe and N. Asia to Japan. It is only of interest on this account, being of little value as an ornament.

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

The Tayberry is of similar parentage to the loganberry, being the result of a cross between ‘Aurora’, a western North American blackberry cultivar, and a selected tetraploid raspberry. Its fruits are bright purple, more aromatic than loganberries, ripening in late July or early August, the plant pricklier and more spreading. It was raised by Dr Derek Jennings at the Scottish Horticultural Research Institute, Invergowrie, near Dundee. Tested virus-free stock was released in 1981/2 as ‘Medana Tayberry’ (‘Medana’ is a prefix indicating a virus-free clone of any new hybrid soft fruit).

R loganobaccus Bailey

Common Names

R. ursinus var. loganobaccus (Bailey) Bailey

A hexaploid ‘hybrid species’ of which one parent was an octoploid form of the W. American species R. ursinus (vitifolius) and the other the raspberry variety ‘Red Antwerp’. See further in Crane and Lawrence, Genetics of Garden Plants (1952), pp. 239–41. It was raised in California in 1881.Another blackberry-raspberry cross is the so called Veitchberry, raised for Messrs Veitch by their well known hybridiser John Seden and originally called ‘The Mahdi’. Like the loganberry, this too behaves as a species, coming more or less true from seed when selfed. The blackberry parent was R. ulmifolius (op. cit., p. 241). ‘Bedford Giant’ is a seedling of the Veitchberry.

var. anomalus Arrhenius

R. leesii (Bab). Bab.
R. idaeus var. leesii Bab.
R. idaeus f. obtusifolius (Willd.) Focke
R. obtusifolius Willd

This differs in having much more rounded leaflets than common R. idaeus, the central one being rarely stalked. It is found wild in Devon and Somerset and elsewhere in England and Scotland, as well as on the continent. It rarely sets good seeds because of a defect in the ovary, but it has been raised from them and found to breed true. It is said to have been raised in cultivation by crossing a raspberry with pollen of a strawberry (see Gard. Chron., Vol. 20 (1883), p. 12, fig. 3, and pp. 150, 214, 276, 342).

var. strigosus (Michx.) Maxim.

Common Names
American Raspberry

R. strigosus Michx.

Stems densely clad with bristles which are frequently gland-tipped. Inflorescence-axes also bristly and glandular. Native of N. America, where it ranges across the continent from Newfoundland to British Columbia, and south to Virginia. It is the source of several American varieties of raspberry, the European sorts being mostly unsuitable for the American climate except in the Pacific West. Other American varieties derive from R. occidentalis (q.v.) or from hybrids between it and R. idaeus var. strigosus.