Quillaja

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Credits

Article from New Trees, Ross Bayton & John Grimshaw

Recommended citation
'Quillaja' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/quillaja/). Accessed 2020-01-23.

Family

  • Quillajaceae (formerly Rosaceae)

Common Names

  • Molina

Species in genus

Glossary

alternate
Attached singly along the axis not in pairs or whorls.
axillary
Situated in an axil.
caducous
Falling off early.
dehiscent
Opening naturally. (Cf. indehiscent.)
follicle
Dry dehiscent fruit containing numerous seeds derived from a single carpel.
hermaphrodite
Having both male and female parts in a single flower; bisexual.
nectary
Gland or surface from which nectar is secreted.
simple
(of a leaf) Unlobed or undivided.
unisexual
Having only male or female organs in a flower.

References

There are currently no active references in this article.

Credits

Article from New Trees, Ross Bayton & John Grimshaw

Recommended citation
'Quillaja' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/quillaja/). Accessed 2020-01-23.

Quillaja comprises three to four species in southern Brazil, Peru, Argentina and Chile, of which only Q. saponaria is in cultivation. They are evergreen trees or shrubs, with caducous stipules. The leaves are simple, alternate and spirally arranged; leathery, and with shallowly toothed margins. Inflorescences are terminal and axillary, paniculate and few-flowered. The flowers may be hermaphrodite or unisexual; they are 5-merous, with a fleshy, five-lobed nectary disc in the centre. The fruit is a leathery, dehiscent follicle; each flower produces five follicles, which are partially fused at the base. The numerous seeds are winged (Zardini 1973, Pennington et al. 2004).

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