Prunus hortulana Bailey

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Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Prunus hortulana' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/prunus/prunus-hortulana/). Accessed 2019-12-12.

Genus

Glossary

calyx
(pl. calyces) Outer whorl of the perianth. Composed of several sepals.
glandular
Bearing glands.
hybrid
Plant originating from the cross-fertilisation of genetically distinct individuals (e.g. two species or two subspecies).
lanceolate
Lance-shaped; broadest in middle tapering to point.
midrib
midveinCentral and principal vein in a leaf.
ovate
Egg-shaped; broadest towards the stem.

References

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Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Prunus hortulana' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/prunus/prunus-hortulana/). Accessed 2019-12-12.

A deciduous tree 20 to 30 ft high, sometimes a shrub. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, 4 to 6 in. long, one-quarter as much wide, hairy below along the midrib and in the axils of the veins; margins set with glandular teeth. Flowers white, 34 to 1 in. across, produced on the year-old wood in April and May in stalkless clusters of two to six; calyx-lobes glandular, toothed. Fruits roundish, 34 to 1 in. in diameter, with a thick red or yellow skin.

Native of the southern and central United States; founded as a species in 1892, but known long before. It has been regarded as a hybrid between P. americana and P. angustifolia, but is now accepted as a good species. Many varieties of it are cultivated for fruits in the United States, which are especially well adapted for the Mississippi Valley and the southern States. They are known collectively as the Wayland or Hortulana plums. The Miner group probably also derives from P. hortulana. None of these varieties is of any economic value in Britain.


P munsoniana Wight & Hedrick

Allied to the above and first described as a separate species in 1911. Leaves narrower than in P. hortulana, being mostly lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, and finely saw-toothed, the teeth tipped with reddish glands. Native of the southern USA, west of the Appalachians. Parent of the Wild Goose group of orchard plums.

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