Dabie Shan Pine
P. dabeshanensis W.C. Cheng & Y.W. Law
P. fenzeliana var. dabeshanensis (W.C. Cheng & Y.W. Law) L.K. Fu & Nan Li
This variety has shorter leaves than var. armandii (5–14 cm long, vs. 10–20 cm in the type) and slightly shorter cones (<17 cm long, vs. 7–25 cm in the type), with the apophyses recurved as in var. mastersiana. Fu et al. 1999c. Distribution CHINA: Anhui (Jingzhai, Yuxei), Henan (Shangcheng), Hubei (Luotian, Yingshan). Habitat Grows on cliffs and between large rocks in the Dabie Shan, between 900 and 1400 m asl. USDA Hardiness Zone 8– 9. Conservation status Vulnerable. Illustration Businský 1999, Fu et al. 1999c.
The Dabie Shan Pine has had a slightly chequered taxonomic history, often accepted as a local variant of the widespread Pinus armandii with shorter leaves and smaller cones, though treated by Flora of China as a variety of P. fenzeliana (Fu et al. 1999c) – an approach that is not without merit, as both share cones with reflexed scale tips. Businský (1999) retains it as a separate species, P. dabeshanensis. It is very rare in the wild, with only a few trees known (Businský 1999). It was introduced to cultivation from a collection made in Anhui in 1999 by Roman Businský, under his number 46140, but no survivors are now known (M. Gardner, pers. comm. 2007).