Picea pungens Engelm.

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Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Picea pungens' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/picea/picea-pungens/). Accessed 2024-07-21.


Common Names

  • Colorado or Blue Spruce


  • P. parryana Sarg.
  • Abies parryana Hort. Angl.


(pl. apices) Tip. apical At the apex.
Lacking hairs smooth. glabrescent Becoming hairless.
Grey-blue often from superficial layer of wax (bloom).


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Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Picea pungens' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/picea/picea-pungens/). Accessed 2024-07-21.

A tree 80 to 100, occasionally 150 ft, high; pyramidal as a small tree in cultivation with stiff horizontal branches; young twigs not downy; buds brownish yellow. Leaves arranged all round the branchlets, more thinly beneath, the upper ones pointing forward; they are 34 to 114 in. long, stiff, quadrangular, spine-tipped, dark green in the type, with three or four lines of stomata on all four faces. Cones cylindrical, shining, straw-coloured when ripe; 3 or 4 in. long, about 114 in. wide; scales wavy, oval, blunt and jaggedly toothed at the apex; seeds 18 in. long, with a wing 14 in. long.

Native of the Rocky Mountains, mainly in Colorado, E. Utah, E. New Mexico, and N. Arizona, but with scattered stands as far north as Montana; discovered by Dr Parry in 1862. It was in commerce in Britain by 1875, probably from seeds sent by the commercial collector Roezl, though some of those collected by Parry in 1865 may have been sent to Britain. Typical trees, with dark blue-green leaves, are very rare in gardens, where the species is almost wholly represented by the glaucous forms. There is an example at Westonbirt in Willesley Drive, measuring 56 × 4 ft (1969), and another at Leonardslee in Sussex.

P. pungens is allied to P. engelmannii, differing in its glabrous shoots, and in its bluer, more pungently pointed, leaves. Its bark becomes thick and furrowed on old trees, whereas in P. engelmannii it remains comparatively thin, and scaly.

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

The most notable specimens all belong to the f. glauca: Knap Hill Nursery, Surrey (see page 194), 69 × 714 ft (1984); Tring Park, Herts., pl. 1906, 77 × 612 ft (1975); Eridge Castle, near Tunbridge Wells, Kent, pl. 1880, 75 × 514 ft and 74 × 312 ft (1984); Westonbirt House, Glos., 75 × 614 ft (1982); Batsford Park, Glos., 62 × 634 ft (1980); Highnam, Glos., 85 × 412 ft (1983).

† cv. ‘Hoopsii’. – This is now considered to be the best of the silvery-leaved clones. It was raised in the Hoops nursery in Holland and put into commerce by Grootendorst’s nursery in 1958.


Of dense, conical habit, with horizontal branches. Leaves blue, silvery in winter, slightly falcate. Ultimate height at least 30 ft. Raised by L. J. Endtz of Boskoop, Holland.

'Erich Frahm'

Leaves deep blue throughout the year. Of conical habit, attaining 30 ft at least. Raised by Timm & Co. of Elmshorn, Germany.

f. glauca (Reg.) Beissn. and f.

argentea Beissn. Blue Spruce

P. pungens varies much in the more or less glaucous hue of its foliage; many shades may be selected in any batch of seedlings, and the most striking, with blue or silvery leaves, have been perpetuated by grafting. The oldest known clone descends from a tree that grew in Prof. Sargent’s garden at Harvard, where it had been raised from the seeds sent by Parry in 1865. Cuttings from this were taken by Anthony Waterer during a visit to America in 1877 and plants distributed by his Knap Hill nursery under the name Abies parryana glauca. This clone, which has never received a distinctive name, received a First Class Certificate in 1890. Probably many of the older trees are of the Knap Hill clone, though some may be seedlings. One of the original propagations still grows in the Knap Hill Nursery and measures 65 × 5{3/4} ft (1974). Two of the finest specimens are: Westonbirt House, Glos., 73 × 5{1/2} ft (1967) and Tring Park, Herts, 65 × 6 ft.To those who admire silvery trees the blue spruces may be recommended as some of the most handsome. This applies more to young specimens; with age they are apt to become rusty and thin of foliage at the bottom, especially those selected forms that have been grafted on common spruce.The following are the more important named selections:

'Glauca Globosa' ('Globosa')

A dwarf, rounded, flat-topped bush, attaining 3 ft or so in height, more in width. Leaves bluish white, more or less radial. Raised in Holland.

'Glauca Procumbens' and 'Glauca Prostrata'

Of spreading or prostrate habit. It is uncertain whether these names really represent clones, since, as pointed out by Dr Krüssmann, similar plants can be raised from any of the varieties of blue spruce, by using lateral shoots as scions. The tree forms are always propagated from leading shoots.

'Koster' Koster's Blue Spruce

According to Den Ouden and Boom, this name does not represent a clone. The plants originally sent out by Koster towards the end of the last century were grafted from a number of selected seedlings with glaucous foliage. Later the firm of C. B. van Nes & Son made a re-selection of ten plants, uniform in habit and in their silvery-glaucous foliage, and the present commercial stock derives from these (Man. Cult. Conif. (1965), p. 283).


Of slender, conical habit, ultimately 30 ft or more high. Leaves bluish white in both summer and winter. Raised by Ruys at the Moerheim nursery, Holland.


A dwarf bush, forming a broad cone. Leaves grey-blue. Raised in the USA.