Phellodendron chinense Schneid.

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Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Phellodendron chinense' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/phellodendron/phellodendron-chinense/). Accessed 2019-12-12.

Glossary

glabrous
Lacking hairs smooth. glabrescent Becoming hairless.
globose
globularSpherical or globe-shaped.
lanceolate
Lance-shaped; broadest in middle tapering to point.
midrib
midveinCentral and principal vein in a leaf.
ovary
Lowest part of the carpel containing the ovules; later developing into the fruit.
panicle
A much-branched inflorescence. paniculate Having the form of a panicle.
imparipinnate
Odd-pinnate; (of a compound leaf) with a central rachis and an uneven number of leaflets due to the presence of a terminal leaflet. (Cf. paripinnate.)

References

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Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Phellodendron chinense' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/phellodendron/phellodendron-chinense/). Accessed 2019-12-12.

A deciduous tree 20 to 35 ft high, with young shoots at first thinly downy, brown and glabrous the second year. Leaves pinnate, up to 15 in. long, with seven to thirteen leaflets, main stalk downy. Leaflets 3 to 5 in. long, 1 to 134 in. wide, oblong-lanceolate, furnished with pale hairs beneath, especially on the midrib. Flowers small, yellowish green, crowded on a short, very downy panicle; ovary downy. Fruits black, globose, 25 in. wide, aromatic, closely packed in a panicle 2 to 312 in. long and half as much wide.

Native of Central China; introduced by Wilson from W. Hupeh in 1907, when collecting for the Arnold Arboretum, and perhaps earlier, on one of his expeditions for Messrs Veitch. It is most closely akin to P. japonicum and has similar though less downy leaves, but the fruits are larger, and their close, compact arrangement distinguishes the species well. It first bore fruit at Kew in 1920, and the specimen in the collection now measures 30 × 234 ft (1967). There is another in the University Botanic Garden, Cambridge, measuring 30 × 134 ft (1969).

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

specimens: Kew, pl. 1920, 28 × 3 ft (1986); Dawyck, Peebl., 59 × 434 ft (1984).


var. glabriusculum Schneid.

Synonyms
P. sinense Dode

This differs in having the down on the leaves confined almost to the midrib and main veins. It is probably part of the normal variation of the species. An example at Borde Hill in Sussex, received from the Aldenham Collection under this name, measures 30 × 3{1/4} ft (1968).

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