Malus × sublobata (Zabel) Rehder

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Julian Sutton (species), Nick Dunn (cultivars) (2021)

Recommended citation
Sutton, J. & Dunn, N. (2021), 'Malus × sublobata' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online ( Accessed 2024-04-21.


Common Names

  • Yellow Autumn Crabapple


Plant originating from the cross-fertilisation of genetically distinct individuals (e.g. two species or two subspecies).
(syn.) (botanical) An alternative or former name for a taxon usually considered to be invalid (often given in brackets). Synonyms arise when a taxon has been described more than once (the prior name usually being the one accepted as correct) or if an article of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature has been contravened requiring the publishing of a new name. Developments in taxonomic thought may be reflected in an increasing list of synonyms as generic or specific concepts change over time.


Julian Sutton (species), Nick Dunn (cultivars) (2021)

Recommended citation
Sutton, J. & Dunn, N. (2021), 'Malus × sublobata' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online ( Accessed 2024-04-21.

Small tree to 10 m, usually pyramidal, sometimes round-headed. Leaves narrow-elliptic to elliptic oblong, 3.5–8 cm, sometimes lobed on long shoots, tomentose on both surfaces when young, some hair persisting beneath; petiole 1–4 cm, slender, hairy. Inflorescences 3–6-flowered; petioles 1.5–2.5 cm. Flowers to 4 cm diameter, white or blush from red buds; sepals triangular-lanceolate, ~7 mm, white hairy, mostly persistent; styles 4–5, slightly exceeding the stamens. Fruit subglobose, 1.5–2 cm diameter, yellow, sometimes blushed red or orange. (Rehder 1920; Fiala 1994).

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-8

RHS Hardiness Rating H6

This name covers hybrids of cultivated origin, either in Japan or western gardens, between M. toringo and M. asiatica. An often-repeated alternative, that it represents M. toringo × prunifolia (Fiala 1994; Edwards & Marshall 2019) seems to be an error, probably because Rehder (1920) used the synonym M. prunifolia var. rinki in place of M. asiatica. Making an good sized, pyramidal tree in most clones, its abundant, long-lasting yellow fruit can be very showy, although it is highly susceptible to scab (Fiala 1994; Jacobson 1996).

Rehder (1920) recognized several trees of unknown origin at the Arnold Arboretum, one of them probably raised from Japanese seed obtained by Charles Sargent in 1892, as belonging here, but considered that similar trees were already known in German cultivation, and shared this hybrid origin. Fiala (1994) considered Malus ‘Cashmere’, which arose independently at Aldenham House, Hertfordshire before 1916, to be ‘probably identical’.

It seems never to have had a very wide commercial distribution on either side of the Atlantic, although it was offered by several Midwest nurseries in the 1930s and 40s (Jacobson 1996). In Britain there is a good, round-headed tree in Bute Park, Cardiff (10 m × 131 cm, 2013 – The Tree Register 2020), while in the Netherlands a specimen is recorded at the Belmonte Arboretum (Belmonte Arboretum 2020). Now most uncommon in North America, there are several examples at the Arnold Arboretum, some propagated clonally from trees which were there in Rehder’s day (Arnold Arboretum 2020).