Lindera chienii W.C. Cheng

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Credits

Julian Sutton (2023)

Recommended citation
Sutton, J. (2023), 'Lindera chienii' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/lindera/lindera-chienii/). Accessed 2024-05-25.

Genus

Glossary

axillary
Situated in an axil.
branchlet
Small branch or twig usually less than a year old.
bud
Immature shoot protected by scales that develops into leaves and/or flowers.
cusp
A pointed end; curves meeting in a point.
umbel
Inflorescence in which pedicels all arise from same point on peduncle. May be flat-topped (as in e.g. Umbelliferae) to spherical (as in e.g. Araliaceae). umbellate In form of umbel.

Credits

Julian Sutton (2023)

Recommended citation
Sutton, J. (2023), 'Lindera chienii' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/lindera/lindera-chienii/). Accessed 2024-05-25.

Deciduous shrub or small tree to 5 m. Bark grey. Young branchlets grey or brown, densely white-pubescent at first. Terminal buds narrowly ovate, with acuminate apex. Leaves pinnately veined, with 5–7 pairs of lateral veins; leaf blade membranous, oblanceolate or obovate, 6–10(–15) × 2.5–4(–5) cm; upper surface dark green, with some hairs on the midrib at first, paler beneath with white-pubescent veins; base cuneate; margin entire; apex shortly acuminate; petiole 0.2–1 cm, white-pubescent. Umbels usually inserted on both sides of axillary bud on 57 mm white-pubescent peduncles; each umbel with 4 bracts and 6–12 flowers. Flowers yellow-green, tepals 6, pubescent outside, glabrous inside; male flowers with 3 whorls of fertile stamens; female flowers with fasciated staminodes and a capitate stigma. Fruit subglobose, red at maturity, ~1 cm across. Flowering March–May, fruiting September–October (China, Taiwan). (Cui & van der Werff 2008; Grimshaw & Bayton 2009).

Distribution  China Anhui, Henan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang

Habitat Roadsides, mountain slopes, forests.

USDA Hardiness Zone 7-9

RHS Hardiness Rating H5

Conservation status Least concern (LC)

A deciduous species on the cusp of large shrub and small tree, Lindera chienii is most valued for its heavy production of greenish-yellow flowers on bare twigs in early spring, as early as January or February in the American Southeast. Yellow autumn leaf colour is another good garden feature (Grimshaw & Bayton 2009; Dirr 2009).

Part of the informal species group with pinnately veined deciduous leaves, Lindera chienii stands out among those we describe for its relatively long-stalked umbels inserted either side of an axillary bud (Cui & van der Werff 2008). Individually the flowers are small, but they are numerous in each umbel, making it ‘extremely showy’ (Raulston 1993). L. megaphylla has similarly long peduncles, but its much larger leaves are evergreen and appear clustered towards the branchlet tips, giving a quite different effect. A plastid DNA study suggests that the two species are closely related (Liu et al. 2022). Cheng’s specific epithet of 1934 presumably commemorates Sung Shu Chien, pre-eminent Chinese botanist of the early to mid 20th century.

The species was probably introduced to Western cultivation by Camellia Forest Nursery, NC (Raulston 1993), most likely in the 1980s; commercial seed suppliers in China may also have contributed to garden stocks. A relatively hardy species of southeastern China, it is now grown more widely on the Atlantic seaboard (eg. US National Arboretum 2023) and would probably also suit the Pacific Northwest. Occasionally grown in Britain, there are several specimens in northern Belgium at Arboretum Wespelaar and Herkenrode, where it has survived –13 °C (Grimshaw & Bayton 2009).