Gaultheria wardii Marquand & Shaw

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Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Gaultheria wardii' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/gaultheria/gaultheria-wardii/). Accessed 2020-12-01.

Glossary

calyx
(pl. calyces) Outer whorl of the perianth. Composed of several sepals.
Tibet
Traditional English name for the formerly independent state known to its people as Bod now the Tibet (Xizang) Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China. The name Xizang is used in lists of Chinese provinces.
bloom
Bluish or greyish waxy substance on leaves or fruits.
calyx
(pl. calyces) Outer whorl of the perianth. Composed of several sepals.
corolla
The inner whorl of the perianth. Composed of free or united petals often showy.
glabrous
Lacking hairs smooth. glabrescent Becoming hairless.
lanceolate
Lance-shaped; broadest in middle tapering to point.
ovary
Lowest part of the carpel containing the ovules; later developing into the fruit.
ovate
Egg-shaped; broadest towards the stem.

References

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Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Gaultheria wardii' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/gaultheria/gaultheria-wardii/). Accessed 2020-12-01.

An evergreen shrub of low spreading growth 3 or 4 ft high; young shoots covered with pale brown hairs. Leaves almost stalkless, of hard leathery texture, elliptic-lanceolate, slenderly pointed, rounded at the base, margins recurved, 1 to 312 in. long, 12 to 114 in. wide, at first bristly, finally glabrous above and with conspicuously sunken, netted veins; thickly covered beneath with long brown hairs. Racemes produced from the axils of the terminal leaves of the previous season’s growths, about 12 in. long, with the six to ten flowers closely packed. Calyx deeply five-lobed, the lobes ovate-lanceolate, 16 in. long, hairy outside; corolla white, 15 in. wide, only slightly exceeding the calyx-lobes, pitcher-shaped; ovary downy. The floral bracts (which are narrowly obovate) and the flower-stalks are downy and bristly. Fruits purplish, with a white bloom. Bot. Mag., t. 9516.

This species was discovered by Kingdon Ward in S.E. Tibet in 1924, growing on ‘pine-clad slopes amongst bracken, etc.’, and also occurs in the Assam Himalaya and Upper Burma. He introduced it under KW 7134, for which he supplied the following field note: ‘Flowers snow-white, in masses. Berries blue with white bloom; undershrub growing on sunny boulders, in thickets.’ He sent seeds again under his numbers 8725 and 10409.

The most marked characters of G. wardii are its general hairiness, the deeply sunken veins of the leaf, and the very short racemes of flowers. It is not reliably hardy and does not really succeed except in the milder parts of the country.