An old cultivar introduced c. 1866 (Edwards & Marshall 2019). The branches are loosely pendulous and unless grafted high, staked or trained, it will often be of decumbent growth. This can be very effective on a rock garden or over a bank, for example, but it is more commonly staked to grow taller than wide. (Auders & Spicer 2012; Hatch 2018–2020). If it is used on a rock garden or in another restricted space it will need to be kept in check with regular pruning, otherwise it can soon outgrow its allotted space and is also inclined to develop a leader and lose its dwarf habit (Edwards & Marshall 2019).