Berberis julianae Schneid.

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Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Berberis julianae' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/berberis/berberis-julianae/). Accessed 2020-09-22.

Genus

Infraspecifics

Other species in genus

Glossary

authority
The author(s) of a plant name. The names of these authors are stated directly after the plant name often abbreviated. For example Quercus L. (L. = Carl Linnaeus); Rhus wallichii Hook. f. (Hook. f. = Joseph Hooker filius i.e. son of William Hooker). Standard reference for the abbreviations: Brummitt & Powell (1992).
bloom
Bluish or greyish waxy substance on leaves or fruits.
oblanceolate
Inversely lanceolate; broadest towards apex.
style
Generally an elongated structure arising from the ovary bearing the stigma at its tip.

References

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Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Berberis julianae' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/berberis/berberis-julianae/). Accessed 2020-09-22.

An evergreen shrub of dense habit, 8 to 10 ft high; young shoots yellowish, angled, armed with three-pronged spines which are up to 112 in. long, stout and sharp. Leaves narrowly oval to oblanceolate, tapering to a short stalk, spiny-toothed; they are clustered as many as five together at a joint, each measuring 2 to 3 in. long, 13 to 12 in. wide. Flowers in clusters of as many as fifteen, each on a slender stalk 13 to 58 in. long, yellow, 14 in. wide. Fruit 13 in. long, oval, black, covered with blue bloom, the conspicuous stalked style adhering at the end. Bot. Mag., t. 9283, as “B. xanthoxylon”.

Native of Central China; introduced by Wilson for Messrs Veitch in 1900 (No. 535). It is one of the hardiest of the evergreen barberries and makes a handsome erect bush. It has been confused with, and grown for, B. sargentiana in gardens, but that species has reddish young shoots, not angled, its fruits have not so much bloom on them nor is the terminal knob or style so conspicuous. There is a fine bush of B. julianae at Kew 10 ft high and 12 ft in diameter – a luxuriant rounded mass of foliage.

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

The true B. julianae seems to be uncommon in gardens, though represented in the Kew collection. Many plants distributed under its name are really B. manipurana, which is entirely distinct (see below). The confusion seems to have arisen from the fact that both were at one time grown under the erroneous name B. xanthoxylon.

B. lempergiana – This horticulturally unimportant species was mentioned here because it has been judged by a good authority to be near to B. julianae. However, the two species are placed in different series by Chamberlain and Hu.


B lempergiana Ahrendt

Related to B. julianae but with smaller, less toothed leaves and somewhat larger flowers. It occurs wild in Chekiang province, China, but the type is a plant raised by Messrs Hillier from seed sent to Dr Fritz Lemperg by the Nanking Botanic Garden. Bot. Mag., n.s., t. 90.

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